Especially, as weapons in the form of aerial missiles guided by remote controls through radio waves. Today, UAV DRONE has found a wide range of applications for civil use in the form of small cuadricópteros and octocopters.
These are used today for a wide range of functions, such as monitoring climate change and delivering products to carry out search operations after natural disasters and for filming and photography.
UAV DRONE is also an increasingly important air power component for more than 80 countries today. The US armed forces only have a fleet of 11.000 drones UAV today, compared to few in 2001.
While the general public’s perception of unmanned consumer UAV aircraft might be associated with military use, there is actually very little influence from military systems. To understand how, let’s look at the history of UAV Drone in more detail.
History of the UAV Drone
Many cite the origin of the Drone UAV dating back to 1849, when Austria attacked Venice using unmanned, explosive-filled balloons. However, these balloons do not meet the current definition of UAV Drone, which according to the Oxford English Dictionary is “a piloted plane or missile without remote control.”
Following the definition, the first pilotless aircraft developed after World War I in 1916. Shortly thereafter, the US Army. usa. He built the Kettering Bug, destined to be used as “aerial torpedoes” using gyro controls. The first Kettering Bug flew in 1918, but the war ended before it could be used.
However, the technological developments of UAV DRONE continued, and in 1930, the U.S. Navy. usa. He began experimenting with the radio-controlled aircraft, which resulted in the development of Curtiss N2C-2 UAV DRONE in 1937. Simultaneously, in 1935, the British developed “Queen Bee”, the radio-controlled target, which is also believed to have led to the use of the term “UAV DRONE” for unmanned aircraft that are particularly radio controlled.
Radioplane OQ-2, the remote control aircraft developed by Reginald Denny during World War II actually became the first mass-produced UAV product in the United States. Nearly 15.000 UAV drones were manufactured for the military during the war.
However, the real credit for inventing a radio-controlled plane that could fly out of sight happens to Edward M. Sorensen, who patented his invention that he might know what the plane is doing from a ground terminal. Without these patents, the first RC aircraft could only operate within the control pilot’s view.
Although the US usa. They achieved a breakthrough in serial manufacturing and the supply of drone UAV for the military, the drone UAV was often considered unreliable and costly. However, this perspective changed in 1982, when Israeli forces used unmanned aircraft to gain the victory over the Syrian air force with minimal losses. The US. usa. They also started the Pioneer UAV drone program in 1980 to build a low-cost drone UAV for fleet operations. A joint US project usa. And Israel in 1986 led to the development of RQ2 Pioneer: A medium-sized reconnaissance aircraft.
The Mini and micro versions of the Drone UAV were introduced in 1990, and the famous Predator was introduced in 2000, which was used in Afghanistan for the search for Osama Bin Laden. In the following years, an American technology company AeroVironment INC. Introduced the number of drones small-size surveillance UAV such as Raven, Wasp and Puma. Raven is currently used by many countries, with around 20.000 units already installed.
While most UAV drone flights were for military purposes, in 2014, Amazon proposed the use of drone UAV to deliver products. UAV Drone also became a popular component for filming and photography. However, these unmanned UAV’s have seen a growing interest not due to military influence. In fact, it is the result of merging two completely different technologies: Radio-controlled airplanes (RC) and smartphones.
The rapid growth in the use of smartphones reduced the prices of microcontrollers, accelerometers and camera sensors, which for fixed-wing amateur aircraft became ideal to be used. Further research showed how a DRONE UAV with 4 or more rotors can be controlled by adjusting the speed of the individual rotors. The stability of Multirotor aircraft has opened new possibilities for use in fixed-wing aircraft in several ways.
There is also a growing trend of DIY UAV drone, which are small RC UAV drone (SUAV drone). Due to its smaller size and portability, these DIY UAV drones are seeing great potential to be used by police forces and fire services for surveillance requirements. However, this type of unregulated UAV drone has also raised questions about privacy and physical security.
Future of the UAV Drone
The future of UAV Drone seems very promising. Gartner predicts that the global UAV market will grow more than $11.2 billion for 2020, considering both the military and civilian markets.
The drone UAV helps install an Internet cable to connect the remote community of Wales
For military applications, UAV Drone is expected to become smaller and lighter with a long battery, fuel, or flight times. There will also be progress in improving optics and other capabilities.
In the civil market, there is progress in improving flight times to serve as delivery platforms, emergency service and also as a data collector for agriculture and forestry.
Development in the direction of flight control algorithms, artificial vision and onboard processing power will further allow these drone UAV to make decisions for themselves rather than rely on humans with less experience in maneuvers.
Despite the great potential to be used as a weapon to kill suspected militants, some countries have also raised doubts about the ethics of using that type of armament, given the consequences they face when it results in civilian deaths due to Inaccurate data. While some claim that UAV Drone is a threat to society, some believe it has great potential to be used for improvement.
Whatever the opinions are, UAV Drone is expected to increase in number as they become more intelligent and capable.
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